What is the European Corridor?
More than half of all Swedes live around the blue lines on the map opposite. Also found here are the majority of Sweden’s business, schools and universities. This is the area we call the European Corridor.
The blue lines represent the Europabanan and Götalandsbanan high-speed railway lines. Other trains and forms of transport will connect with these lines.
It is our wish to see these lines built as soon as possible. It will then be easier and much quicker to travel, both within Sweden and abroad.
Approximately 65% of Sweden’s GNP is generated within the European Corridor. A very large proportion of Sweden’s most expansive businesses are located here – along with the majority of the countries jobs.
This area also encompasses the majority of Sweden’s higher education, with 80% of all Swedish university and college students studying within the European Corridor. The corridor is home to approximately 75% of the Swedish population – or 6.8 million people. Within the European Corridor as a whole, the population is 20 million.
The expanded European Corridor will offer Sweden a new and modern traffic system within which all forms of traffic collaborate – with high-speed trains providing the major arteries. Their construction will therefore benefit the entire country.
We are the European Corridor
Europakorridoren AB is a non-profit organisation jointly run by municipalities and regions, as well as other interested industry representatives in Sweden and Germany. The Swedish stakeholders jointly own Europakorridoren AB.
The purpose of the association and the company is to work to ensure that the European Corridor is expanded to provide Sweden with a modern, efficient, environmentally-friendly, long-term sustainable traffic system.
The aim is also to bring Sweden and Scandinavia closer to Europe by connecting our own high-speed railway network to Europe’s.
An over 100-year-old railway network
Sweden’s first railway was opened as early as 1856. Over the next 50-75 years, a complex network of railways was constructed. Entrepreneurs had the courage to make large, indeed enormous, investments as there was a conviction that these were important for the future.
Much of Sweden’s industrial development was made possible thanks to our investment in railways. However, over the past 80 years, development has largely stagnated. Some modernisation has of course taken place but by and large, Swedish trains still run on a railway network that was essentially planned and built in the nineteenth century.
It is this over 100-year-old network that is to be replaced with a modern, efficient and long-term sustainable traffic system.
A great deal of money – but far from expensive
It is the National Negotiation on Housing and Infrastructure, appointed by the Swedish Government, that to a great extent has the final say on how the project is to be realised. The National Negotiation on Housing and Infrastructure is mandated to:
- propose funding principles and a development strategy, and to identify and create agreement on route and station options and the co-financing thereof
- propose a construction strategy for new mainlines for high-speed trains between Stockholm and Gothenburg/Malmö
- negotiate with stakeholders where new mainlines affect the respective cities
- create agreements with municipalities, regions and county councils regarding measures that will improve access and capacity and lead to increased housing construction
- hold talks with Denmark regarding a permanent link between Helsingborg in Sweden and Helsingør in Denmark.
The construction of the new mainlines is an opportunity for Swedish industry to undertake the full-scale development of new technology within the railway sector. This provides Sweden with the chance to break new ground and creates new export opportunities. The market for high-speed trains is global and growing rapidly.
Building a new traffic system for Sweden will be costly but it will also bring enormous benefits for individuals, for our commerce and industries and for society as a whole. Certainly, it will require a great deal of money – but, when one examines the benefits, it is far from expensive.
Greenhouse gas emissions?
With high-speed trains, we’re counting in micrograms…
With a modern traffic system, we will enjoy major environmental benefits without limiting the competitiveness of industry or people’s freedom of movement.
The high-speed train is the only transport solution that offers long-term environmental sustainability without compromising on efficiency and speed. While road traffic and air travel record their CO2 emissions in kilos per person, the modern train does so in micrograms.
The construction of the new mainlines will cause emissions of greenhouse gases. However, these will only occur during the building phase and must be weighed against the fact that these lines will be used for 100-150 years, during which time, emissions will be calculated in micrograms per passenger.
If the high-speed railway line is built on pillars, while it may be 13 metres wide it will be only 6 metres wide at ground level; thereby using less land, avoiding the need for level crossings and barrier effects on the landscape.
Om man bygger höghastighetsbanan på pelare blir den 13 meter bred – och endast 6 meter på marken. Därmed används mindre mark, plankorsningar undviks och vi slipper barriäreffekter i landskapet.
High-speed trains run to timetable
– and are uniquely safe
Every day, almost 300 high-speed trains run between Tokyo and Osaka. On average, they arrive 24 seconds late – despite the fact that the lines are used by a mixture of direct services and trains that stop at every station.
Today, high-speed trains are operating in a great many countries and the combined traffic is considerable. Despite this, only one fatality has been recorded involving a high-speed train, in China in 2011. Compare this with, for example, the death toll in road traffic accidents. In 2015, 260 people were killed on Swedish roads alone.
Any mode of transport can suffer an accident but, in comparison, high-speed trains offer unique standards of safety.
Free up capacity for goods trains
(och relieve road haulage)
The European Corridor and the new mainlines will free up capacity on the Southern and West Coast mainlines for goods traffic and faster regional passenger services, meaning that rail freight can at last seriously compete with road traffic.
Combined traffic can be developed for finished goods and semi-finished products. Today’s combined traffic is complemented by a system with many small, fully automatic terminals close to local markets – light-combi.
For high-grade goods, spare parts, mail and parcels, special fast-track goods trains can be developed which are faster than road haulage and cheaper than air freight.
The new mainlines can offer entirely new traffic options through the European Corridor for the growing market in high-value goods, with extremely short transport times and high levels of service.
Radically reduced journey times
In the expanded European Corridor, the journey between Stockholm and Gothenburg will take only 2 hours. From Copenhagen to Stockholm will take 2 hours and 40 minutes – as against the previous journey time of over 5 hours.
However, smaller towns will also benefit greatly from the new lines. It will now be possible to work in Lagan in Småland and work in Jönköping – with the journey time reduced from 2 hours 39 minutes to just 44 minutes. For Ängelholm in northwest Skåne, the journey to Copenhagen, the capital city of the Öresund Region, will be almost halved; from 1 hour 48 minutes to 57 minutes.
Improved communications make your neighbourhood – your region – grow. You will have more jobs to choose from and a better chance of getting the education you want. At the same time, you will have considerably greater options to live were you really want to.
|Jönköping – Stockholm||3:11||1:23||– 57%|
|Göteborg – Stockholm||2:45||2:00||– 27%|
|Malmö – Stockholm||4:10||2:27||– 42%|
|København – Stockholm||5:00||2:51||– 43%|
|Hamburg – Stockholm||9:55||4:40||– 53%|
|Habo – Göteborg||2:19||1:04||– 54%|
|Gävle – Jönköping||5:30||2:55||– 47%|
|Kalmar – Stockholm||4:36||3:33||– 23%|
|Örebro – København||5:07||3:13||– 37%|
|Linköping – Stockholm||1:39||0:59||– 40%|
|Ängelholm – København||1:48||0:57||– 47%|
|Lagan – Jönköping||2:39||0:44||– 72%|
|Gnosjö – Stockholm||4:28||2:40||– 44%|